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The European agreement concerning the work of crews of Vehicles engaged in International Road Transport
English pallet (industrial pallet)
Dimensions of pallet 120x100 cm
ATA Carnet
ATA Carnet is an International customs document that permits the tax-free and duty-free temporary export and import of goods to the countries identified along with any restrictions, customs formalities and national customs regulations for each country in one calendar year (12 months)
AWB (Air Way Bill) - Air waybill
Transport document for air transport.
B / L – Bill of Loading – A cargo waybill
Transport document maritime transport.
Quality Certificate ISO
Stands for "International Standard Organization", loosely translated as "International Organization for Standardization". The main visible outputs of this organization are internationally recognized ISO certificates for the quality and production of quality products and services. The Company that obtained the certificate can be considered a member of the exclusive club of companies that provides quality service and produces quality products.
CMR Convention
Convention for the Contract of the International Carriage of Goods by Road signed in Geneva on the 19 of May 1956 (Code of Laws of 1962, paragraph 49, article 238). This Convention shall apply to each contract for the carriage of goods by road in vehicles for reward, if the place for receipt of goods and the place designated for delivery, as specified in the contract, are situated in two different countries, of which at least one is contracted in the country.
Any loading unit such as: pallets, boxes, cardboard, etc.
Customs regime
It is a model for which the goods imported and exported from the Slovak Republic, subject to customs duties and other charges such as excise duty and VAT
COO (Certificate of Origin)
Certificate of origin
A process by which the goods are brought into the warehouse immediately transferred and sent to another recipient.
Time window
It is a definitive time span during which the vehicle must be available at the site for loading / unloading goods
DIDb (Driver Identification Database)
A specific online database which processes the personal data of drivers who have successfully registered in the system and monitors the quality of their previous work. Basically, it's an active White list which, according to the strict measures, collects data of reliable, responsible drivers and objectively serves to continuously monitor their performance.
Managing clerk
A person who is responsible for the arrangement and management of transport, optimum route planning and vehicle utilization. A Managing clerk communicates with the drivers, other departments of a transport company and customers and monitors the transport.
ADR Convention
European Agreement concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous goods by Road
ATP Agreement
An Agreement on the International Carriage of Perishable Foodstuffs and on the Special Equipment to be used for such Carriage
CMR Convention
Convention on the Contract for the International Carriage of Goods by Road
COTIF Convention
Convention concerning International Carriage by Rail
Convention RID
Regulations concerning the International Carriage of Dangerous Goods by Rail
Convention SMGS
The Agreement on International Goods Transport by Rail
Natural or Judicial person who operates transport for their own or another individual or organization’s use
Transport unit
EURO pallets or any other pallets, bins, containers or cardboard boxes in which the goods are transported. The package may consist of one or more transport units.
Economic Operators Registration and Identification number
EURO pallett
Wooden pallet with a dimension of maximum 120x80 cm, which must comply with Directive UIC 435-2 and legally marked with EUR trademark.
Freight documents
Documents that provide the evidence of receipt of goods for transport and which are necessary for shipping. The most commonly used document is a bill of landing.
FTL (full truck load)
A fully laden truck transporting specified goods in an economical way that enables the global use of loading units, e.g. truck transport.
Stands for Hazard Analysis and Critical Control points. It is a system aimed at maintaining food safety by identifying and evaluating risks in terms of all health regulations of food products and risks of hazards which may occur at all stages of food production and distribution. The system is aimed at establishing methods for eliminating or reducing hazards and determining corrective action. HACCP system must be implemented and used in every enterprise which is engaged in food production, processing and distribution.
House Air Waybill for consolidated shipments
HS Code
A number of goods in customs tariffs
Incoterms (International Commercial Terms)
A set of international rules determining the conditions of sale which are applicable worldwide. The rules divide the costs and responsibilities among buyer and seller and reflect the type of transport agreed.
Intermodal transport – Combined transport
Transport of goods by more than one means of transport using the transport unit, e.g. container.
The survey, which allows you to collect, process and provide data on the trade in goods between EU Member States
International Road Transport Union
JIT (Just in Time)
Transportation within the due time, at the desired location and of the required quality and quantity
TIR Carnet
An International customs transit document.
1 meter cargo space in length. The width of a lorry of 2.40 meters corresponds to 1 loading rate of about 2.4 square meters (2.40 m width x 1 m length) maximum.
Semi-trailer 13,6 LDM
LTL (less than truck load)
Transport of a smaller number of goods which are not able to fill the entire truck. During transport of the goods it is possible that the goods may be tampered with.
Location of delivery
The address marked on the shipment order. The place where the consignment is specified to be unloaded.
Place of loading
The place where the consignment is due to be loaded and sent for shipment.
Milk run
"Delivery of the material from the warehouse along specified routes and with a precise timetable. The idea is inspired from the past, when milk was transported from remote farms at a set time. The system milk - run is available inside and outside the company (internal and external milk - run). The principle is to distribute material from the Warehouse according to a pre-agreed schedule and unload the material at precisely defined locations. At the same time empty transport units are transported back to the store."
Transport of excessive loads
Transport (or transport of unladen vehicles or combination of vehicles), for which maximum permissible weights specified by Government Ordinance no. 403/2005 Coll. are exceeded.
A waybill (UIC) is a document issued by a carrier. It is the first evidence of receipt for shipment and proof of transport and delivery of mail from the recipient. It gives details and instructions relating to the shipment of a consignment of goods and the signature of the sender or a person acting for the consignor.
Semi-trailer "deepwater"
Type of a semi-trailer designed primarily for transporting high loads, such as harvesters, silos, barges, boats, etc.
Semi-trailer "Mega"
Type of a trailer with an inner height of between 295 – 300 cm
Semi-trailer "Plato"
Mostly used for transporting long prefabricated components, crane components, pipes etc. Most are able to double or treble their length, to adjust to the load with a length of over 45 meters.
Semi-trailer "Semi"
It is used to transport various goods to meet the needs of heavy and oversized loads, construction equipment and containers. Lowered loading areas allow loading higher components than “plato” semi-trailers would normally be able to load.
Semi-trailer "Walking floor"
Semi-trailer with a floating floor, ie. with hydraulic sliding floor system. It is suitable for the transport of bulk commodities and goods on pallets.
The trader, who signed a transport agreement with the carrier. The client may be the sender, receiver or a third party that is neither the sender nor the recipient.
Transport order
An order of shipments prepared on the basis of an accepted - predefined form, in the right format according to the agreed procedure, the date and the information necessary for the proper method of transport. A Transport order is an offer to make an agreement on transportation, which is submitted by the client to the carrier.
An organization or a person who consents to a freight agreement with the carrier. Their name and address is usually listed in the carriage document (in case of maritime transport the term stevedore is used, when the sender submits the consignment).
Proof of delivery
The activity which directly provides transfer of passengers and goods via vehicles or transportation equipment.
A collective name for the sender/exporter of the specified goods/services.
Representative listed in the order, the consignee for the goods/services transported.
Written complaint filled in a written form with regard to a damage, loss or shortage in a shipment which may occur from the time of accepting the shipment for transport to its receipt or delay in its delivery.
Combined transport road / rail. Technology of road vehicles on special railway wagons with a low floor throughout the length of the wagon using the technology of horizontal trans-shipment.
Transportation of trucks by river. Transport of road trains on flat river ships or special naval ships.
Transportation there and back via an agreed route.
The electronic customs declaration to release the consignment according to the transit procedure.
Confirmation for the trade of free movement of goods within the EU and EFTA countries
Publicly produced list of tender prices and charges set for negotiating the final price under the existing price legislation for services provided by the carrier.
 Twenty foot Equivalent Unit – the equivalent unit of cargo capacity, it is based on the volume of a 20 foot long (6.1m) ISO container Series 1, the basic dimensions of the container ISO 1C - 20' x 8' x 8' (feet).
Whole or part of the cargo received by the Consignor from the sender to transport.
Domestic freight
Transportation of goods by road vehicles, where the place of departure and place of delivery are both in the territory of Slovakia.
UN number
Four-digit numbers that identify hazardous substances
Special standardized loading unit of combined transport for transporting goods with supporting legs, which can be manipulated by means of combined transport. It is used in combined transport road / rail.
Freight Forwarder
A person who provides logistics services between the shipper and the carrier in his own name on behalf of somebody else.
Freight Forwarding
Entrepreneurial activity in which the transport of goods and other services connected to the transport are arranged under their own name or on somebody else’s behalf.
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